Since 2010 there have been 47 rural hospital closures. The reasons behind the closures vary but the message rings true, rural hospitals are struggling. With difficulties from implanting EHR to the re-evaluation of Medicare reimbursements, rural hospitals are looking for new ways to stay afloat. Here are the top 4 trends we see effecting rural hospitals in 2015.
The growing importance of technology in healthcare can’t be denied. As many rural hospitals struggle to stay afloat new technology starts to play an important role in their survival. The Health Resources and Services Administration defines telehealth as “the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education, public health and health administration.” This can mean anything from videoconferencing, streaming media, wireless communication, to mobile applications. Telehealth opens a new channel of communication for rural hospitals. They can connect quickly to specialists and even meet with patients over video conferencing. Embracing telehealth could be a great step for rural hospitals trying to stay open.
2. EHR and Cloud Computing
Implementing EHR (electronic health records) systems has been on the rural hospital horizon for some time. The benefits are widely known: decreased travel times for patients, extended care access, and easier transfer of patients and data. It’s the challenges of implementing an EHR system such as cost, training, and available staff, that are much more difficult for rural hospitals to overcome. For this reason, as federal regulations regarding sharing patient and healthcare data digitally change, rural hospitals start to fall behind. This is where cloud computing comes in. Cloud based computing is storing data and information over the internet instead of on your actual hard drive. Cloud-based EHR systems are less costly, simpler to implement, and need less complex IT systems. Could cloud-based software be the saving grace for rural hospitals in 2015?
3. Care Coordination
Coordinating patient care is a big issue on the plates of healthcare organizations this year. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality defines quality care as “the deliberate organization of patient care activities between two or more participants (including the patient) involved in a patient’s care to facilitate the appropriate delivery of health care services.” Increasing effectiveness, efficiency, and safety are some of the main benefits of care coordination rural hospitals can reap. The white paper Realizing Rural Care Coordination by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation illustrates two important actions rural healthcare facilities can take if they’re thinking about care coordination. Those actions are: assembling “key stakeholders in rural areas and seek out partners in state government, and “survey the existing infrastructure of rural areas” (for example gaps in Health IT and staffing).
4. Mergers & Partnerships
With the roll-out of the ACA many rural hospitals are loosing their safety-net financing once provided though Medicare and Medicaid. The struggle then becomes how they stay open amidst financial turmoil. The USA Today article Rural Hospitals in Critical Condition, reported that “Low Medicare and Medicaid reimbursements hurt these